One of my very favorite stones is Aquamarine, which is also the birthstone for March. Here are a few facts about this wonderful stone!
• Aquamarine is a member of the Beryl family of stones. The most famous member of the Beryl family is the Emerald. Aquamarine is both the birthstone for March and the gem given on the 19th wedding anniversary.
• Aquamarine exists in many shades of blue, from pale versions to the color of the sky, and some stones are tinged with green — it owes its color to the presence of iron. Deeper colored aquamarines have the highest value.
• Aquamarine is a durable gemstone, and is rated at 7.5 on the Mohs scale (compared to diamond at 10).
• The most valuable aquamarines come from Brazil, but it is also mined in Kenya, Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Russia.
• With its watery blue, pale green hues and crystal clearness, the gem’s name, “aquamarine,” is derived from the Latin words for water (aqua) and sea (marina), or “water of the sea,” so it’s no coincidence that the aquamarine has long been associated with the ocean. According to saga, aquamarine originated in the treasure chest of fabulous mermaids, and has, since ancient times, been regarded as ‘the sailors’ lucky stone’.
• The largest aquamarine of gemstone quality ever mined was found in Marambaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 1910, weighed over 110kg and measured 19 inches long and 17 inches in diamonds. The largest cut aquamarine gem is the Dom Pedro aquamarine and can be see at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History.